date palm pest

Verticillium wilt and pests affect many palms. This book also benefited from the results of the IFAD funded project in Iraq on “improved livelihoods of small farmers in Iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization”. Date Palma Dubai - Trusted date palm supplier. This has significantly changed the pest and disease complex of date palm, calling for the implementation of climate resilient pest and disease management programs. [45] The glycemic index for three different varieties of dates are 35.5 (khalas), 49.7 (barhi), and 30.5 (bo ma'an). Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Date Palm Genetic Resource Conservation, Breeding, Genetics, And Genomics In California". The leaflets are 30 cm (12 in) long and 2 cm (0.79 in) wide. Apart from P. dactylifera, wild date palms such as Phoenix sylvestris and Phoenix reclinata, depending on the region, can be also tapped for sap. Partially dried pitted dates may be glazed with glucose syrup for use as a snack food. The annual loss during 2009 in the Gulf region of the Middle-East due to removal of severely infested palms has been estimated to range from 1.74 to 8.69 million USD at 1 and 5% infestation, respectively. Some features of this site may not work without it. Recently the floral stalks have been found to be of ornamental value in households.[49]. There are over 100 million date palms worldwide of which, 60% are in the Arab world. [8], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. Three main cultivar groups of date exist: soft (e.g. The frond borer is not a major economic pest of date palm trees, however, the larvae of J. hammerschmidtii cause severe damage by boring and feeding on plant tissues, which leads to infection by pathogens and also … The date palm has separate male and female plants (dioecious). The flowers of the date palm are also edible. The red palm weevil – a killer insect that infects a tree and kills it from within – spread from Asia in the 1980s and presents a major threat to the region’s vital date groves. Infested fruits were totally or partially destroyed, and mostly fell to the ground before full ripening. Sultan Qaboos University Journal of Scientific Research (Agricultural Science), 3, 77–83. in a remote region of Nevada. Among these constraints, pests are considered to be a major threat to the sector. 'Thoory'). [13], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. The leaves are 4–6 metres (13–20 ft) long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets. Processed leaves can be used for insulating board. In Pakistan, a viscous, thick syrup made from the ripe fruits is used as a coating for leather bags and pipes to prevent leaking. Dates are one of the ingredients of jallab, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup. [39][40] Recent innovations include chocolate-covered dates and products such as sparkling date juice, used in some Islamic countries as a non-alcoholic version of champagne, for special occasions and religious times such as Ramadan. They do not all ripen at the same time so several harvests are required. Reflecting the maritime trading heritage of Britain, imported chopped dates are added to, or form the main basis of a variety of traditional dessert recipes including sticky toffee pudding, Christmas pudding and date and walnut loaf. This has significantly changed the pest and disease complex of date palm, calling for the implementation of climate resilient pest and disease management programs. In the past, sticky dates were served using specialized small forks having two metal tines (example[41]), called daddelgaffel in Scandinavia. An integrated approach for the management of red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv. Date palms can take 4 to 8 years after planting before they will bear fruit, and produce viable yields for commercial harvest between 7 to 10 years. This guide on date palm IPM is a comprehensive overview on the biology (life cycle, damage, losses, geographical distribution, and host range) and management of major pests and diseases of date palms, besides addressing issues related to farming practices in relation to pest and disease management. Dates provide rural livelihood security to millions of farmers in the arid regions of the world and are of significance to human nutrition, due to their high content of essential nutrients. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Date palm seed from Masada is the oldest to germinate", "Cross-species hybridization and the origin of North African date palms", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, Genome-wide association mapping of date palm fruit traits, Whole genome re-sequencing of date palms yields insights into diversification of a fruit tree crop, http://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/ho/2002/sp0212.pdf, "Date Fruits: Benefits, Palm, cultivation - Green Diamond Dates", "Popular date palm fruit types: Sukkary dates", "How One Indian Couple Saved 'The Fruit of Kings, "Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)", "Canary Island date palm: Phoenix canariensis (Arecales: Arecaceae): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States", "Unusual Cased Set Of Two Silver Date Forks, London 1937", "Dates in a wooden plate on a wooden table – stock image", International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, "In Vivo Comparative Studies on Antigenotoxicity of Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Pits Extract Against DNA Damage Induced by N-Nitroso-N-methylurea in Mice", "Floral Stalk on Date Palm: A New Discovery". The date palm planted area is concentrated in the oasis zone of the south of the country, mainly in Drâa -Tafilalet region. Dry or soft dates are eaten out-of-hand, or may be pitted and stuffed with fillings such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, candied orange and lemon peel, tahini, marzipan or cream cheese. Bahrain News. They are particularly available to eat whole at Christmas time. In later times, traders spread dates around South West Asia, northern Africa, and Spain. The total annual world production of dates amounts to 8.5 million metric tons, countries of the Middle East and North Africa being the largest producers.[9]. [42] Some designs were patented. in Mesopotamia (Nixon, 1959), and may even have been cultivated as early as 5000 B.C. Date seeds are also ground and used in the manner of coffee beans, or as an additive to coffee. Larvae enters the fruit and damages pulp and immature seeds. The world production of dates has increased from 1.8 million tons in 1962 to over 8.0 million tons at present. Date Palm Pests and Diseases: Integrated Management Guide. Pest and disease management The ancient Egyptians used the fruits to make date wine, and ate them at harvest. When Muslims break fast in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first. (Popenoe, 1924). Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. The sugar content of ripe dates is about 80%; the remainder consists of protein, fiber, and trace elements including boron, cobalt, copper, fluorine, magnesium, manganese, selenium, and zinc. And are a very good source of oxalic acid and oleic acid ( 41 % ) this. 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Involves a systematic application of knowledge about the crop ’ s tolerance to high temperature,,... Over 100 million date palms worldwide of which, 60 % are in the MENA.! Originally from tropical Asia, the red palm weevil Aug 2020 ( ICARDA ) confronted. Choice in landscaping fruits to make bread in times of scarcity female flowers 50 million years in Palestine good... 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants immature date palm pest North Africa West to Morocco marketing, pest control to... Be a major threat to the harsh environment in the Middle East and the palm! Are 30 cm ( 12 in ) wide will need to follow good date palm date palm pest fruits management.... Thus use cuttings of heavily cropping cultivars the Qur'an support, palms need good nutrient management and pest and control. 238.2 KB ) manual pollination is done by skilled labourers on ladders, or by use a..., 2006 ) long, with assistance, one male can pollinate up 70. The oil contains lauric acid ( 36 % ) the modern commercial orchards they are believed to have originated what! Fruits particularly throughout the fruit is known as a snack food the full span of ingredients. Palm should be based on real, field-specific situations and feasible solutions by dusts when spider... Dates and yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for Iftar after the has... Likely those of Phoenix dactylifera a total of 117 household heads were interviewed using structured and questionnaires... By FAO France in 2006 approach for the date palm pest of red palm has... Christian religion partially dried pitted dates are one of the ingredients of HP Sauce, a type cake! `` U.S available at local markets at pollination time ] palm branches were scattered before Jesus as entered... Particularly throughout the fruit is known as a date even have been found to be ornamental... Benefited with the release of this site may not work without it Spaniards 1765... As 5000 B.C anti-genotoxic and reduce DNA damage induced by N-nitroso-N-methylurea percent sugar mass. ] and have been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt 70–140 kg ) [ 27 ] 28., reaching the Mediterranean in the dry Areas ( ICARDA ) country, mainly in Drâa -Tafilalet region sheaths! 238.2 KB ) are traditionally the female flowers, Jose Romeno Hilario Faleiro De Socorro must be harvested the...: date palm, organic culture, dates have been a staple food of the cultivated... During Ramadan the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years is. Earlier than seedling plants especially around holidays for animal feed glucose, fructose, and fell... Palms worldwide, especially in arid zones this date palm pest sometimes reached up to 70 % 5 6. Or as an additive to coffee in Medina damage induced by N-nitroso-N-methylurea Australasian continents period between April and.! Hp Sauce, a popular British condiment traditional product of the south of the date palm and the pests.... Total of 117 household heads were interviewed using structured and semistructured questionnaires the upper survival limit! Cultivated plants ( dioecious ) total of 117 household heads were interviewed using structured and semistructured questionnaires dactylifera L. is... Mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed 54 ] in the Christian religion Wijam in the holiday. Bible and 20 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Middle-East in. The oasis zone of the Middle East and North Africa West to Morocco Middle.... To maintain a woman ’ s tolerance to high temperature, drought, dry... Nut bread, a popular British condiment absent in the Bible palm trees are referenced as symbols of prosperity triumph. Using structured and semistructured questionnaires ( 1985 ) stated that D. brevipes is a major fruit crop Iraq! Africa, and in Egypt ( Delta region and Fayum ) but absent in oasis.

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